13 Different Types of Engineering Explained

As a student considering your options for college or university, the choices can be overwhelming. This is the case even within certain disciplines where there might be a dozen different subcategories and / or specialties within the profession. Let’s explore some of the more popular Engineering disciplines, shall we?

Agricultural Engineering is the engineering discipline that strives to apply engineering science to agricultural production and farming. In some circles it is commonly accepted that the scope of agricultural engineering is broader than all other forms of engineering, as it combines elements of mechanical, civil, and chemical engineering with animal and plant biology.

Architectural Engineering involves the application of engineering principles to building construction and design. In some parts of the world, the words architect and architectural engineer are used interchangeably.

Biomedical Engineering strives to apply engineering principles and technology to the field of medicine. Originally considered an interdisciplinary specialization, biomedical eng has grown to become a respected discipline of its own. Tissue engineering, while also considered a specialization within biotechnology, is one such example of biomedical engineering in action.

Ceramic Engineering relates to the practice of designing and creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials. The process generally includes the purification of raw materials, the production of compounds, their formation into components, and the study of their composition, properties and structure.

Civil Engineering is a discipline that deals primarily with the design, construction and maintenance of bridges, roads, canals, and the like. As a point of interest, this engineering discipline was enshrined to distinguish itself from military engineering. It is considered the second-oldest discipline, after military.

Computer Engineering is a combination of computer science and electronic engineering. Computer engineers design both computer software and computer hardware, in addition to developing solutions for the integration of the two.

Electrical Engineering is the study and application of electromagnetism, electronics, and electricity. It’s a broad-based discipline that encompasses the design and implementation of various electronic / electrical systems such as circuits, generators, motors, and transformers.

Environmental Engineering refers to the application of scientific principles to environmental improvement. Generally speaking, this discipline attempts to provide healthy air, water and land for safe habitation. Additionally, this particular discipline attempts to find ways to reverse environmental damages caused by pollution.

Industrial Engineering is a discipline concerned with the development and ongoing improvement of integrated systems. In manufacturing systems, focus is placed on finding ways to eliminate waste (time, money, materials, energy, etc). Industrial engineering is not necessarily limited to manufacturing, however.

Manufacturing Engineering, on the other hand, deals almost exclusively with the design and maintenance of different manufacturing processes, tools, equipment and machines. Lean manufacturing principles are one such example of scientific manufacturing in action.

Materials Engineering is concerned with the properties of matter and it’s application to science and technology. This generally refers to the study of the structure of materials at the molecular level, and includes elements of applied physics and chemistry. Nanotechnology is one such example of materials engineering in action.

Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest disciplines, and is primarily concerned with the design, production and use of tools and machines. It is primarily concerned with the generation and application of mechanical power.

Nuclear Engineering is a discipline that is primarily concerned with finding practical applications of nuclear energy. This includes the development and maintenance of nuclear reactors, power plants, and weapons.

Does Your Church Need a Website? Benefits of Having a Website for Your Church

Some people would say that a church doesn’t need a website, however I would disagree. There are many benefits to your church that come along with having a website and if you choose to not have a website you are missing out on some great opportunities. Here are just a few of the ways that your church could benefit from having its own website.

First of all, a website is a wonderful way to stay in touch with the members of your church. Most churches give out bulletins or newsletters after each service to keep members informed. However, many of your members may forget to pick up a bulletin or lose it sometime during the week. By having a website where you can post your bulletin your members can still get the information they need at the click of a mouse and keep up with what is going on.

Through a website, your church can reach out to people whom otherwise may never have found you. It is a wonderful way to get new members and to help people who may be at a point in their lives where they are lost. Many people who would be afraid to come to your church in person will visit your website online instead. This provides you with a wonderful opportunity to let them know what your church is all about and what they can gain from attending your services. A website can be thought of as an online ministry – it is a way to reach another audience that may have previously been inaccessible.

Having a website can also provide your church with a way to collect donations online, which can allow you to do more things for your members and your community.

Another benefit to having a website is that it can significantly cut down on the number of phone calls and questions regarding service times and basic information about your church. You can post the times of your services on your site and also include driving directions on how to get there, which can help people who are traveling through you area find you and visit.

If you are like many other churches you may be putting off creating a website because you either don’t have the money to hire a web designer to build your site for you, or don’t have any knowledge of HTML or web design to build a church website yourself. Your budget constraints or your lack of knowledge don’t have to keep you from having a wonderful, easy to maintain website for your church.

Using a simple online website builder you can create a beautiful website for your church in just minutes without needing to know any HTML or have any graphic design skills. You can literally drag and drop images, text, audio and even video wherever you want it on your page and the online website builder will take care of all the code in the background for you so you never have to see or deal with any HTML.

The 5 Best Web Design Schools in the Philippines

Even if you graduate with a degree in IT or Computer science it does not give you complete training in web design and development. That’s because the discipline of web design is always changing and new internet technology comes out every minute. Even veterans and experienced designers can gain benefits by taking a short course in one of these design schools. You can also enroll for a refresher or just to stay up-to-date with the latest trends.

5. Meralco Foundation Institute / Informatics (TIE)

These are the two pioneer web design schools in the Philippines. Meralco Foundation Institute (MFI) is a non-profit organization therefore the training fees as cheap. If you’re on a budget, MFI is the best school to enroll in.

Informatics is on the high-end but has convenient locations in the city, mostly inside malls. Their curriculum is up-to-date and certification is recognized world-wide.

4. Philippine Center for Creative Imaging

“The Premiere digital arts and Graphic design School in Philippines”

Philippine Center for Creative Imaging or PCCI is a multimedia and web design school Philippines located in the bustling business sector,Makati City. Intensive hands-on application is given attention in each course. The professors and owners themselves are leaders in online and offline graphics and multimedia organizations. Aspiring designers can pick from a variety of digital arts fields ranging from photography, graphic design web design.

3. University of the Philippines Information Technology Training Center (UPITTC)

“The most unique website design training in the Philippines”

UPITTC’s tagline is “Helping you Build a Solid I.T. Career”. I think that’ what most of us want from all the training we take. It is known for is its out-of-the-box teaching style.This unique approach which consist of a lot of class discussion, lab work and more on “practical” real world training versus textbook learning.

The faculty and trainers are mostly UP professors and consultants in the important technology sectors of the country. If you complete the course chosen and pass the final exam you will receive a prized certificate.

2. First Academy of Computer Arts

First Academy of Computer Arts provides training courses which include design theory, specialized expertise and harnessing creative imagination in digital graphic arts projects..Students learn design principles and gain hands-on experiences in graphic arts, motion graphics, web design and 3-D software through rigorous training programs.This is a top tier website design school in Philippines to get a certificate in digital multimedia design.

1.De La Salle University College of Computer Studies

If I were a new student looking for an IT school to get serious training, this is definitely the school I would go to. Most of the professors and teachers their selves are popular among the Philippines web development professional circle. DLSU multimedia training school concentrates in the evolving study of web development, graphic design and digital media. Students have the option to choose a course which they want to master varying from design, programming and even video graphics. De La Salle University is the first to offer a B.A. degree in multimedia arts in the country.

After finishing the course you take, don’t forget to continue studying on your own. Self-studying will still be the best school when it comes learning web design.

The History of the Abaya

The traditional abaya is a plain black robe worn by Muslim women to cover their regular clothing, It could be described as a long-sleeve robe-like dress and it is the traditional form of dress for many countries of the Arabian peninsula including Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. In Iran the abaya is referred to as a chador and in South Asia a burqa.

The abaya covers the whole body except the face, feet, and hands. It can be worn with the niqab, a face veil covering all but the eyes.

The origins of the abaya are vague. Some think that it existed as long as 4 000 years ago in the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and when Islam arose in the seventh century C.E., the religion absorbed local veiling practices into its culture, probably due to the dressing traditions of the women of Arab Jahiliya.

In those days women wore dresses that revealed their necks, chests, even breasts as well as other parts of their bodies. They also drew their veils backwards while leaving the front parts wide open (understandable in the crushing desert heat). Consequently, when Islam arrived, they were ordered to draw their veils forward to cover their chest and to protect women from acts of disrespect.

Some think that the idea of ‘the covering’ was more about class than it was about religion. In pre-Islam urban centers of the Arabian Peninsula veiling was seen as a sign of privilege and a luxury afforded to women who didn’t have to work. They were distinguished from slave girls and prostitutes, who were not allowed to veil or cover, and nomadic and rural women too busy working to be bothered with something so impractical as a face veil and extra layer of clothing.

Source: Laura of Arabia, women24.com

Today, the strictest interpretations of Islamic Shari’a law dictate that Muslim women should wear full body coverings in front of any man they could theoretically marry. This means that it is not obligatory in the company of father, brothers, grandfathers, uncles or young children and does not need to be worn in front of other Muslim women.

Abayas come in a multiplicity of types and design, and different styles and colours are favoured by women from particular regions according to specific religious and cultural interpretations.

  • A Head abaya rests on top of the head and extends below the ankles, ensuring that a women’s body stays completely hidden.
  • Black abayas are more commonly worn in Middle Eastern countries, especially Saudi-Arabia, Kuwait and Qatar.
  • White abayas are populary worn in Far Eastern Muslim countries.
  • Coloured and embroidered abayas are becoming increasingly popular in Jordan, western countries and now also in Middle Eastern countries too.

Although black is the preferred colour in some countries Muslim women can generally wear whatever color they like as long as it does not generate unnecessary attention. For this reason earth-tones are popular choices.

Muslim women often wear designer labels underneath their outer garments and increasingly they want to wear fashionable outerwear too. Devout need not mean drab. Fashion designers are waking up to this and specialised stores, websites and fashion shows are springing up, top European fashion labels including John Galliano and Blumarine have recently showcased models wearing couture abayas.

The abaya has come a long way in 4,000 years!